The Greek suffix –onym meaning “name or word” is found in many words that identify categories of words. In short, these words ending in –onym are “words for words.”
Acronym: Words made up of the initials of other words, such as NASA or SCUBA.
Antonym: Words with the opposite meaning, such as love and hate.
Capitonym: Words that change pronunciation and meaning when capitalized, such as august or nice.
Contronym: Words that are their own antonyms, such as bolt or weather.
Eponym: Words derived from proper names, such as quixotic, which derived from the literary character Don Quixote.
Heteronym: Words that are spelled the same but have different meanings and pronunciations, such as produce and entrance.
Pseudonym: A pen name, such as Mark Twain for Samuel Clemens.
Retronym: An adjective-noun pairing that evolves because of a change in the noun's meaning, such as acoustic guitar. The adjective acoustic became necessary with the development of the electric guitar.
Synonym: Words with same, or nearly the same, meaning, such as buy and purchase.
Today's Challenge: You don't need the suffix -onym to categorize words. Grab a dictionary and create your own categorized word lists. For inspiration, visit My Vocabulary.com, which has nearly 500 word lists.
Quote of the Day: A synonym is a word you use when you can't spell the other one.